Houston Informer, March 2, 1946.  Used with permission of the Houston Informer

At the Rubicon
(An Editorial)

Discussion and controversy have been going on for sometime concerning equality of educational opportunities for Negroes in Texas. THE HOUSTON INFORMER, particularly through the writings of Carter Wesley, has been developing public opinion in preparation for action. The hour for action has come.

When Heman Sweatt applied for admission to the University of Texas, notice was served on Texas officials, both legislative and educational, that positive action must be taken in the direction of providing higher education for Negroes of the state.

A self-righteous claim of having made an appropriation of $900,000 for the two years ending August 31, 1947, is saying nothing. The claim that this sum is almost double the appropriation made for the previous biennium only points out the neglect of educational opportunities for colored boys and girls.

The balance-sheet looks like this:

TOTAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR BIENNIUM ENDING August 31, 1947 -- $25,563,449.

For White Schools ……………………………………..$24,712,645.

For Colored Schools………………………………….. $ 851,804.

The Breakdown

Institutions for Higher Learning (White)

University of Texas (Main Campus) ……………………………..$4,486,061

Division of Research ……………………………………………… 474,460

Medical Branch ……………………………………………………2,684,376

School of Dentistry ………………………………………………. 399,080

Cancer Research…………………………………………………… 324,660

College of Mines…………………………………………………… 519,470

Texas State College for Women……………………………………1,499,892

[unreadable] Arts and Industry

Texas Technological College ………………………………………1,804,344

East Texas State Teachers College……………………………….. 900,498

North Texas State Teachers College……………………………….. [unreadable]

[three lines unreadable]

West Texas State Teachers College ………………………………….589,789

Stephen F. Austin Teachers College ………………………………….568,378

Sul Ross Teachers College……………………………………………208,326

Institutions for Higher Learning (Colored)

Prairie View University …………………………………………………..851,804

It adds up to – one single school of higher learning for Negroes in Texas and that school gets 1/25 of the money appropriated for higher education in Texas.

It is not for W.R. Banks of Prairie View University to carry the ball for all of the Negroes of Teas in securing educational facilities for all their children. Dr. Banks has labored hard and long, using all the skills, [unreadable] at his command to [line unreadable] …. And perhaps did as much as any individual could.

Now, the citizens of Texas must bring the strength of a team to the fray. Use of the Courts. Pressure on legislators. All the weapons and all the strength of Texas Negroes must be mobilized for the contest.

The Rubicon is crossed. Now it is zero hour. The battle is joined.