Houston Informer, January, 1950.  Used with permission of the Houston Informer

60,000 Teachers Rally To Sweatt

Another national organization lined itself up last week on the side of Heman Sweatt in his fight to enter the University of Texas. The American Federation of Teachers, an organization of more than 800 locals and 60,000 teachers throughout the country, joined the groups submitting briefs as friends of the court.

The all-important Sweatt case will be argued before the United States Supreme court during the week of January 30 by Thurgood Marshall, special council [sic] for the NAACP. The suit seeks the admission of Heman Marion Sweatt to the law school of the University of Texas.

The celebrated case, which has attracted nationwide attention, is the first suit of its kind that attacks segregation itself in higher education. Similar suits won in other states have maintained that educational facilities were unequal; however Sweatt argues that segregation in education is of itself unequal.

A precedent-breaking brief filed by the Justice department (the text of which was reprinted in The Informer) supports his claim.

A number of other groups have taken active support in the case and several have filed briefs supporting the contention held by the Houston postman. A brief was submitted recently by the Committee of Law Teachers Against Segregation in Legal Education, a group of lead professors and deans of major law schools in the country. Just last week, the Alpha Kappa Alpha sorority at its annual convention in Houston, went on record supporting Sweatt.


Attorney General Price Daniel of Texas has called on all southern states to band together and file briefs defending the principle of racial segregation in schools attacked in the Sweatt case. If Texas loses the case, Mr. Daniel indicated in a letter to Attorney General Eugene Cook of Georgia, "your office and my office will be deluged with law suits for entry of Negroes into white colleges, high schools and grade schools."

Mr. Daniel quoted Attorney General Harry McMullan of North Carolina as saying the Sweatt case is the most important to the South since Civil War days.