|©Dallas Morning News, May 15,1947. Reprinted with permission of The Dallas Morning News.
Boycott of Negro School Blamed on NAACP by State
By Dawson Duncan, Austin Bureau of The News.
Austin, Texas, May 15. - The state made a second attempt Thursday to trace to the National Association for Advancement of Colored People failure of the State Law School for Negroes to attract a student.
Atty. Gen. Price Daniel sought to develop the point by interrogation of Henry Doyle, Austin Negro, in the retrial of Heman Marion Sweatt's suite to force admission to the university law school.
Objections by Sweatt's Negro lawyers, two of them attorneys for the NAACP, and unresponsive answers by Doyle halted the effort. Previously, Daniel had told the court he was trying to show the NAACP boycotted the school setup here to meet the demand of Sweatt for an education in law equal to that afforded white students at the university.
Attended Dallas Meeting.
Doyle said he had attended a Negro meeting in Dallas two days before the March 20 registration date and had considered entering the school
He couldn't recall if a talk was made by Maceo Smith, an NAACP officer, or if other NAACP officers were present. nor could he remember the name signed to a circular which summoned him to the meeting.
Doyle had been called after Sweatt's attorneys rested his case, except for rebuttal. Daniel said he had two more witnesses, Dean B.F. Pittenger of the University of Texas school of education, and A.W. Walker, university law school professor. Through them, the state will seek to rebut testimony by two of Sweatt's witnesses, Earl G. Harrison, dean of the University of Pennsylvania law school, and Dr. Charles G. Thompson, Negro dean of the graduate school of Howard University in Washington.
Both had testified of disadvantages of segregation of the races in higher education. That is the principal issue in the suit.
Harrison testified that a separate law school equal in all respects to the university's law school except that it had only one to ten students would not afford Negroes equal educational opportunities.
In response to another hypothetical question in Daniel's cross-examination, Harrison reiterated that a school equal to that of the university in all respects except that it was a separate one for Negroes would not afford equal opportunities.
He disagreed with Daniel's next question as to whether students in a school limited to whites for the same reason failed to receive equal opportunities.
Statistics and opinion showing Texas long had discriminated against Negroes in public education were presented by Dr. Thompson over objection of Daniel.
Thompson based his testimony on a survey of Negro education facilities he had made at the request of Sweatt's attorneys since early last month.
Prairie View Criticized.
He compared Prairie View University, as the state's only Negro college, and other colleges for whites, and discussed deficiencies in the state's provision for Negro education. The curriculum, faculty, salaries, library and other facilities at Prairie View were criticized as inadequate.
Judge Roy C. Archer sustained objections to introduction of testimony of Doland Murray, Baltimore attorney, that he sued to enter the University of Maryland law school in 1935, was admitted, attended three years and nothing untoward happened.
Thurgood Marshall, New York, NAACP attorney, said he sought to refute contentions a Negro in the university law school would create disturbances. the testimony was taken to support Marshall's bill of exceptions.