|©1947, Austin American, March 15, 1947. Reprinted with permission of
the Austin American Statesman
Segregation Of Races Hit In Sweatt Hearing
Negro Declares He Opposes Separation For Education
By LORRAINE BARNES The Austin American Capitol Staff
The issue of abolishing Texas segregation laws came out in plain language Wednesday in the Heman Marion Sweatt^case.
Sweatt, the Houston Negro who is suing to enter the University of Texas, went on the stand In 126th District Court and said unequivocally- he will not attend a separate law school for Negroes even if a court defines the school as equal to that of the University.
"I don't believe in segregation," the young Negro said firmly. "I don't believe equality of education can be given on that basis."
Says Difference Not Inherent
In a day of rapid-fire developments, Sweatt was followed t<!> the stand by an eminent anthropologist, Dr. Redfield of the University of Chicago, who entered in the record a scientific conclusion which most anthropologist ceased to argue years ago: There are no inherent differences between Negroes and whites in the ability to learn. Segregation, Dr. Redfield declared, tends to defeat the purpose of education both for the individual and for the community.
Judge Roy C. Archer recessed the mandamus hearing until 9 a. m. Thursday after Attorney General Price Daniel put Sweatt's own attorney on the stand and questioned him about Sweatt case financing and how much the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People may be putting into it .
The attorney general told the (Continued on Page 3, Col. 3) text missing.